Usually, the cells of the liver are where liver cancer takes place. The liver is a football-sized organ that is found beneath the diaphragm and just above the stomach. There are various types of cancer that form in the liver and the major one is the hepatocellular carcinoma. This begins in the liver cells (hepatocyte). Other than this, there are intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma as well as hepatoblastoma which are less common. The most common type of cancer is a cancer that originates in the other body part and spreads to the liver. Such cancers are called metastatic cancer and not called as liver cancer. These are named after the body part in which a cancer begins like metastatic colon cancer which means a cancer that starts in the colon and has spread to the liver. Of late, Liver Cancer Treatment in India has become quite common with leading hospitals performing the same.
Liver cancers are categorized as:
Potentially resectable or transplantable
Inoperable with only local disease
In the early stages, there will not be any symptoms of liver cancer. Some of the symptoms that appear are:
Without trying losing weight
Loss of appetite
Vomiting and Nausea
Pain in the upper abdominal
Fatigue and general weakness
White, chalky stools
Yellow discoloration of your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)
If you have persistent symptoms, then it is ideal to consult the Cancer specialist in Delhi.
Liver cancer happens in those whose liver cells mutations occur in DNA. Normally, a cell’s DNA only provides instructions for each and every chemical process in your body. When DNA mutations occur it changes the instructions. This results in the cells growing out of control and forms into a tumor. Sometimes the chronic hepatitis infections cause liver cancer. But sometimes there will not be any underlying disease and the causes of liver cancer are unknown. Hepatitis B or C also causes liver cancer as both of them could result in cirrhosis. Other than that the following will also cause liver cancer:
Type 2 Diabetes: People who have hepatitis along with diabetes are prone to have liver cancer. Those who consume a lot of alcohol will also develop cancer.
Family History: If someone in the family is having liver cancer then the chances of liver cancer is higher.
Heavy alcohol use: Consuming alcohol in excess regularly causes liver cancer.
Long-term exposure to aflatoxins: An aflatoxin which is found in moldy wheat, corn, groundnuts, nuts, peanuts, soybeans causes liver cancer when taken for a long term. In the case of industrialized nations, the risk is low.
Low immunity: For people who have HIV/AIDS, the chances of liver cancer are higher as they will have low immunity.
Obesity: Obesity also causes liver cancer.
Gender: Mostly, the risk of liver cancer is higher in males than in females. According to the experts, this could be due to their lifestyle. As men consume alcohol and smoke, they have a higher risk when compared to women.
Smoking: The risk of liver cancer is high in people who smoke and also have Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C.
Arsenic: People who use well water which has toxin arsenic that occurs naturally have higher chances of developing several diseases including liver cancer.
Treatment Option For Liver Cancer
It is important to discuss all of your treatment options, including their goals and possible side effects, with your doctors to help make the decision that best fits your needs. Some important things to consider include:
Your age and expected life span
Any other serious health conditions you have
The stage (extent) of your cancer
Whether or not surgery can remove (resect) the cancer
The likelihood that treatment will cure the cancer or help in some
Your feelings about the possible side effects from treatment
You may feel that you must make a decision quickly, but it’s important to give yourself time to absorb the information you have just learned. Ask questions if there is anything you’re not sure about.
If time permits, it is often a good idea to get a second opinion. A second opinion can give you more information and help you feel more confident about the treatment plan you choose.
When you consult the Cancer specialist for second opinion he will provide you with the Liver Cancer Treatment in India based on your health conditions.