Crohn’s Disease – The Basics
Crohn’s disease is a digestive disorder responsible for swelling and irritation of the digestive tract. It belongs to the category of IBD diseases (Inflammatory bowel diseases). Even though inflammation can infect any part of the digestive tract, the common areas the disease attacks are the beginning of the large intestine and the end of the small intestine.
Unfortunately, Crohn’s disease cannot be cured but it’s possible to manage the symptoms. Sometimes this disease doesn’t show symptoms but visible flare-ups can occur when symptoms worsen. Crohn’s disease symptoms are known to appear suddenly and without warning. When you think you understand the symptoms, new ones show up and the severity increases.
1Crohn’s Disease Statistics:
According to statistics from Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation of America, 201 people out of every 100,000 American adults have Crohn’s disease. This condition is mostly diagnosed in people whose ages range from 15-35 years. However, it is possible for anyone outside that age bracket to suffer from Crohn’s disease. In addition, both men and women get infected with Crohn’s disease.
Causes of Crohn’s Disease
There are several risk factors that expose individuals to Crohn’s disease and they include;
Family History: Studies have proved that this disease is prevalent in families that have a history of Crohn’s disease. Apparently, scientists have discovered that 5%-20% of Crohn’s disease cases share the disease with a family member i.e. a parent or sibling.
Genes: Scientists have identified genes as one of the causes of Crohn’s disease. Despite the fact that this disease can be triggered because of one gene, 100 genes substantially raise chances of an infection.
Smoking: According to Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation of America, smokers risk higher chances of developing Crohn’s disease compared to people who don’t smoke.
Living Conditions: It has been proven that people living in developing countries are less prone to Crohn’s disease compared to those in developed nations. Furthermore, urban dwellers are exposed to more risks compared to their rural counterparts.
An autoimmune reaction can also trigger Crohn’s disease: There is a possibility of a bacterium or virus triggering Crohn’s disease especially when the immune system attempts to fight off a dangerous microorganism. Because of this abnormal reaction, the immune system also attacks digestive tract cells.