While it’s not talked about that often, just like in human beings, dogs also can get forms of dog cancer. The last thing many dog owners want to hear is their beloved pet has cancer; it’s usually devastating news. Knowing the signs and what to look for can make a difference!
Fortunately, there is hope especially if dog cancer is discovered in good time. There are some factors that are known to increase the prevalence of cancer in dogs. For instance, some dog breeds have a higher chance of getting specific types of dog cancer as compared to other breeds. Research is still ongoing to determine whether factors such as diet and lifestyle have any link with causing dog cancer.
2How Will Your Vet Confirm Your Dog Has Cancer?
A vet cannot confirm if your dog has cancer just by looking at it. As earlier mentioned, some symptoms are shared with other conditions and only tests can give an accurate diagnosis. When the cancer is still in its early stages, screening can be done through blood tests. However, as the cancer progresses, x-rays and MRI scanning/ultrasound may be needed. These advanced tests are advantageous because they help in determining if the cancer has spread to other body parts. Vets call this procedure “staging”. In addition, these tests can also determine the general health of your pet which is critical information vets require before beginning treatment.
In some cases, a biopsy can be done especially when trying to determine whether a tumor is cancerous or not. In this case, a tiny sample is removed and taken to the lab for microscopic examination. In some cases, a biopsy can be challenging to facilitate an accurate diagnosis especially when the specimen being examined can’t be examined using a microscope.